The Spanish verb ‘ir’ is one of the most used and most important verbs in the language. Translated to English as ‘to go’, it’s a verb that you’ll encounter early on in your language learning journey. However, ‘ir’ is also one of the most irregular verbs in Spanish, which means its conjugation doesn’t follow the standard rules. This article will serve as a comprehensive guide to the ‘ir’ conjugation chart, helping you understand its present, preterite, imperfect, future, and conditional forms.
In the present tense, ‘ir’ is particularly irregular. Here’s the conjugation chart:
|I go||Yo voy|
|You (informal) go||Tú vas|
|He/She/It goes/You (formal) go||Él/Ella/Usted va|
|We go||Nosotros/Nosotras vamos|
|You (plural, informal) go||Vosotros/Vosotras vais|
|They go/You (plural, formal) go||Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes van|
Notice that none of these conjugations look like the infinitive ‘ir’. In fact, if you were to try and apply the regular verb endings for ‘ar’, ‘er’, or ‘ir’ verbs to ‘ir’, you’d end up with a completely different set of words. This is what makes ‘ir’ so irregular, and why it’s crucial to memorize its conjugation.
The preterite tense is used to describe completed actions in the past. Here’s how you conjugate ‘ir’:
|I went||Yo fui|
|You (informal) went||Tú fuiste|
|He/She/It went/You (formal) went||Él/Ella/Usted fue|
|We went||Nosotros/Nosotras fuimos|
|You (plural, informal) went||Vosotros/Vosotras fuisteis|
|They went/You (plural, formal) went||Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes fueron|
Just as in the present tense, the preterite conjugations of ‘ir’ bear no resemblance to the infinitive. Note that the preterite conjugation of ‘ir’ is identical to the preterite conjugation of ‘ser’ (to be). The context will usually make it clear which verb is being used.
The imperfect tense is used to talk about ongoing or incomplete actions in the past. Here’s how ‘ir’ is conjugated in this tense:
|I was going||Yo iba|
|You (informal) were going||Tú ibas|
|He/She/It was going/You (formal) were going||Él/Ella/Usted iba|
|We were going||Nosotros/Nosotras íbamos|
|You (plural, informal) were going||Vosotros/Vosotras ibais|
|They were going/You (plural, formal) were going||Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes iban|
In the imperfect, ‘ir’ becomes a bit more regular, with the root ‘ib’ followed by the standard imperfect endings for ‘ar’ verbs.
In the future tense, ‘ir’ becomes regular, taking on the standard future endings for
all verbs. Here’s the conjugation:
|I will go||Yo iré|
|You (informal) will go||Tú irás|
|He/She/It will go/You (formal) will go||Él/Ella/Usted irá|
|We will go||Nosotros/Nosotras iremos|
|You (plural, informal) will go||Vosotros/Vosotras iréis|
|They will go/You (plural, formal) will go||Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes irán|
This conjugation is relatively straightforward, as it simply involves adding the future endings to the infinitive form of the verb.
The conditional tense is used to express actions that would happen under certain circumstances. ‘Ir’ is regular in this tense as well. Here’s how you conjugate it:
|I would go||Yo iría|
|You (informal) would go||Tú irías|
|He/She/It would go/You (formal) would go||Él/Ella/Usted iría|
|We would go||Nosotros/Nosotras iríamos|
|You (plural, informal) would go||Vosotros/Vosotras iríais|
|They would go/You (plural, formal) would go||Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes irían|
This conjugation is similar to the future tense, except that it uses the conditional endings instead of the future ones.
Now that we’ve looked at the ‘ir’ conjugation chart in detail, let’s explore some common phrases that use ‘ir’:
Voy a hacerlo: This phrase uses ‘ir’ in the first person present tense, followed by ‘a’ and the infinitive form of another verb. It’s a common way to express the near future, and it means ‘I am going to do it’.
Fui al cine: This sentence uses ‘ir’ in the first person preterite tense, and it means ‘I went to the cinema’.
¿Vas a venir a la fiesta?: This question uses ‘ir’ in the second person present tense, again to express the near future. It means ‘Are you coming to the party?’
Nos fuimos temprano: Here, ‘ir’ is used in the first person plural preterite tense, and the sentence means ‘We left early’.
In conclusion, mastering the conjugation of ‘ir’ is crucial for anyone learning Spanish. It’s used in a wide range of contexts, from simple present tense statements to more complex future and conditional sentences. Remember that while ‘ir’ is irregular in the present and preterite tenses, it follows regular conjugation rules in the imperfect, future, and conditional tenses. Practice often, and soon enough, using ‘ir’ will become second nature!