A Deep Dive into the 'Comer' Conjugation Chart in Spanish

May 19th, 2023 - Vera

The verb ‘comer’ – meaning ‘to eat’ – is one of the most common and important verbs in the Spanish language. It’s an ‘-er’ verb, and while it does follow many of the regular conjugation rules, learning all of its forms across various tenses can still pose some challenges. This comprehensive guide is aimed to help you understand the ‘comer’ conjugation chart, showcasing the conjugation for different tenses.

Comer in the Present Tense

Let’s start with the present tense. As a regular ‘-er’ verb, ‘comer’ follows the regular conjugation pattern. Here’s the chart:

Person Spanish
I eat Yo como
You (informal) eat Tú comes
He/She/It eats/You (formal) eat Él/Ella/Usted come
We eat Nosotros/Nosotras comemos
You (plural, informal) eat Vosotros/Vosotras coméis
They eat/You (plural, formal) eat Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes comen

Notice the typical ‘-er’ verb endings -o, -es, -e, -emos, -éis, -en added to the verb stem (‘com-‘).

Comer in the Preterite Tense

The preterite tense is used to describe completed actions in the past. The conjugation for ‘comer’ is:

Person Spanish
I ate Yo comí
You (informal) ate Tú comiste
He/She/It ate/You (formal) ate Él/Ella/Usted comió
We ate Nosotros/Nosotras comimos
You (plural, informal) ate Vosotros/Vosotras comisteis
They ate/You (plural, formal) ate Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes comieron

In the preterite tense, ‘comer’ is still regular, using the typical endings -í, -iste, -ió, -imos, -isteis, -ieron.

Comer in the Imperfect Tense

The imperfect tense in Spanish is used to describe ongoing or incomplete actions in the past. Here’s how ‘comer’ is conjugated:

Person Spanish
I was eating Yo comía
You (informal) were eating Tú comías
He/She/It was eating/You (formal) were eating Él/Ella/Usted comía
We were eating Nosotros/Nosotras comíamos
You (plural, informal) were eating Vosotros/Vosotras comíais
They were eating/You (plural, formal) were eating Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes comían

Again, ‘comer’ follows the regular pattern for ‘-er’ verbs in the imperfect tense.

Comer in the Future Tense

The future tense conjugation of ‘comer’ is:

Person Spanish
I will eat Yo comeré
You (informal) will eat Tú comerás
He/She/It will eat/You (formal) will eat Él/Ella/Usted comerá
We will eat Nosotros/Nosotras comeremos
You (plural, informal) will eat Vosotros/Vosotras comeréis
They will eat/You (plural, formal) will eat Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes comerán

In the future tense, Spanish verbs are conjugated by adding the endings -é, -ás, -á, -emos, -éis, -án directly to the infinitive form of the verb.

Comer in the Conditional Tense

The conditional tense is used to express something that would happen under certain conditions. The conjugation for ‘comer’ is:

Person Spanish
I would eat Yo comería
You (informal) would eat Tú comerías
He/She/It would eat/You (formal) would eat Él/Ella/Usted comería
We would eat Nosotros/Nosotras comeríamos
You (plural, informal) would eat Vosotros/Vosotras comeríais
They would eat/You (plural, formal) would eat Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes comerían

For the conditional tense, you simply add the endings -ía, -ías, -ía, -íamos, -íais, -ían to the infinitive form of the verb.

Comer in the Subjunctive Mood

The subjunctive mood is used to talk about desires, doubts, wishes, conjectures, and possibilities. The present subjunctive conjugation of ‘comer’ is:

Person Spanish
I eat Yo coma
You (informal) eat Tú comas
He/She/It eats/You (formal) eat Él/Ella/Usted coma
We eat Nosotros/Nosotras comamos
You (plural, informal) eat Vosotros/Vosotras comáis
They eat/You (plural, formal) eat Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes coman

As a regular ‘-er’ verb, ‘comer’ follows the standard present subjunctive conjugation pattern, changing the -e- of the present indicative to -a-.

Common Phrases with ‘Comer’

  1. Vamos a comer: We are going to eat.
  2. ¿Qué te gusta comer?: What do you like to eat?
  3. Comí demasiado: I ate too much.
  4. Ellos comen pescado todos los días: They eat fish every day.

In conclusion, while the verb ‘comer’ is a regular verb and follows the standard conjugation rules for ‘-er’ verbs, practice is key to mastery. Regular practice will not only help you remember the conjugation but also understand its application in real-life conversations. Happy learning!

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