A Comprehensive Guide to Conjugating the Italian Verb "Dire" with Example Sentences

May 22nd, 2023 - Vera

The Italian verb “dire,” meaning “to say” or “to tell,” is a fundamental verb that is used in various contexts to express communication and convey information. Mastering the conjugation of “dire” is essential for expressing opinions, reporting speech, asking questions, and engaging in conversation. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the conjugation of “dire” in detail, accompanied by example sentences to illustrate its usage in context.

Present Tense Conjugation

In the present tense, “dire” follows a regular conjugation pattern. Let’s examine the conjugation for each person:

Person Conjugation
Io (I) dico
Tu (you) dici
Egli/Ella (he/she) dice
Noi (we) diciamo
Voi (you all) dite
Essi/Esse (they) dicono

Example sentences:

  1. Io dico sempre la verità. (I always tell the truth.)
  2. Tu dici cose interessanti. (You say interesting things.)
  3. Lui dice di essere stanco. (He says he is tired.)
  4. Noi diciamo che la cena è pronta. (We say that dinner is ready.)
  5. Voi dite spesso delle battute divertenti. (You all often say funny jokes.)
  6. Loro dicono di aver vinto la partita. (They say they won the game.)

Imperfect Tense Conjugation

In the imperfect tense, used to describe ongoing or habitual actions in the past, “dire” follows a regular conjugation pattern:

Person Conjugation
Io (I) dicevo
Tu (you) dicevi
Egli/Ella (he/she) diceva
Noi (we) dicevamo
Voi (you all) dicevate
Essi/Esse (they) dicevano

Example sentences:

  1. Quando ero piccolo, dicevo sempre la verità. (When I was little, I always told the truth.)
  2. Tu dicevi cose interessanti ogni giorno. (You used to say interesting things every day.)
  3. Lui diceva che era stanco. (He used to say he was tired.)
  4. Noi dicevamo che il sole stava tramontando. (We used to say that the sun was setting.)
  5. Voi dicevate sempre le stesse battute. (You all used to say the same jokes all the time.)
  6. Loro dicevano di aver vinto tutte le partite. (They used to say they won all the games.)

Future Tense Conjugation

In the future tense, used to express actions that will happen in the future, “dire” follows a regular conjugation pattern:

Person Conjugation
Io (I) dirò
Tu (you) dirai
Egli/Ella (he/she) dirà
Noi (we) diremo
Voi (you all) direte
Essi/Esse (they) diranno

Example sentences:

  1. Domani dirò la verità. (Tomorrow I will tell the truth.)
  2. Tu dirai la tua opinione sul progetto. (You will say your opinion about the project.)
  3. Lui dirà a tutti che è stato promosso. (He will tell everyone that he has been promoted.)
  4. Noi diremo loro che sono invitati alla festa. (We will tell them that they are invited to the party.)
  5. Voi direte le vostre impressioni sul film. (You all will say your impressions about the movie.)
  6. Loro diranno che hanno bisogno di aiuto. (They will say that they need help.)

Conditional Tense Conjugation

In the conditional tense, used to express actions that would occur under certain conditions, “dire” follows a regular conjugation pattern:

Person Conjugation
Io (I) direi
Tu (you) diresti
Egli/Ella (he/she) direbbe
Noi (we) diremmo
Voi (you all) direste
Essi/Esse (they) direbbero

Example sentences:

  1. Se avessi tempo, direi tutto quello che penso. (If I had time, I would say everything I think.)
  2. Tu diresti la verità anche se fosse difficile. (You would tell the truth even if it were difficult.)
  3. Se lui avesse la possibilità, direbbe sì. (If he had the chance, he would say yes.)
  4. Noi diremmo loro di non preoccuparsi. (We would tell them not to worry.)
  5. Voi direste quello che pensate senza filtri. (You all would say what you think without filters.)
  6. Loro direbbero che sono d’accordo con te. (They would say that they agree with you.)

Subjunctive Mood Conjugation

In the subjunctive mood, used to express doubts, wishes, or hypothetical situations, “dire” follows a regular conjugation pattern:

Person Conjugation
Io (I) dica
Tu (you) dica
Egli/Ella (he/she) dica
Noi (we) diciamo
Voi (you all) diciate
Essi/Esse (they) dicano

Example sentences:

  1. È importante che io dica la verità. (It is important that I tell the truth.)
  2. Vorrei che tu dica la tua opinione sul problema. (I wish you would tell your opinion about the problem.)
  3. Se fosse possibile, lei vorrebbe che lui dica tutto. (If it were possible, she would want him to tell everything.)
  4. È necessario che noi diciamo quello che pensiamo. (It is necessary that we tell what we think.)
  5. È meglio che voi diciate quello che vi preoccupa. (It is better that you all tell what worries you.)
  6. Non penso che loro dicano la verità. (I don’t think they tell the truth.)


Mastering the conjugation of the verb “dire” is crucial for expressing opinions, reporting speech, asking questions, and engaging in conversation in Italian. By familiarizing yourself with the conjugation forms and studying example sentences, you will develop a strong foundation for effective communication. Remember to practice regularly to internalize these conjugations and enhance your fluency in Italian. Buon lavoro! (Good work!)

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