A Comprehensive Guide to Conjugating the Italian Verb "Avere" with Example Sentences

May 22nd, 2023 - Vera

The Italian verb “avere,” meaning “to have,” is one of the most commonly used verbs in the Italian language. Mastering the conjugation of “avere” is essential for expressing possession, relationships, states of being, and more. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the conjugation of “avere” in detail, accompanied by example sentences to illustrate its usage in context.

Present Tense Conjugation

In the present tense, “avere” follows a regular conjugation pattern. Let’s take a look at the conjugation for each person:

Person Conjugation
Io (I) ho
Tu (you) hai
Egli/Ella (he/she) ha
Noi (we) abbiamo
Voi (you all) avete
Essi/Esse (they) hanno

Example sentences:

  1. Io ho un cane. (I have a dog.)
  2. Tu hai un bel sorriso. (You have a beautiful smile.)
  3. Lei ha una casa grande. (She has a big house.)
  4. Noi abbiamo un appuntamento domani. (We have an appointment tomorrow.)
  5. Voi avete molta energia. (You all have a lot of energy.)
  6. Loro hanno una macchina nuova. (They have a new car.)

Imperfect Tense Conjugation

In the imperfect tense, used to describe ongoing or habitual actions in the past, “avere” follows a regular conjugation pattern:

Person Conjugation
Io (I) avevo
Tu (you) avevi
Egli/Ella (he/she) aveva
Noi (we) avevamo
Voi (you all) avevate
Essi/Esse (they) avevano

Example sentences:

  1. Quando ero giovane, avevo molti amici. (When I was young, I had many friends.)
  2. Tu avevi sempre voglia di viaggiare. (You always had the desire to travel.)
  3. Lei aveva una bella voce da cantante. (She had a beautiful singing voice.)
  4. Noi avevamo una casa in campagna. (We had a house in the countryside.)
  5. Voi avevate tante idee creative. (You all had many creative ideas.)
  6. Loro avevano un ristorante molto famoso. (They had a very famous restaurant.)

Future Tense Conjugation

In the future tense, used to express actions that will happen in the future, “avere” follows a regular conjugation pattern:

Person Conjugation
Io (I) avrò
Tu (you) avrai
Egli/Ella (he/she) avrà
Noi (we) avremo
Voi (you all) avrete
Essi/Esse (they) avranno

Example sentences:

  1. Domani avrò una riunione importante. (Tomorrow I will have an important meeting.)
  2. Tu avrai successo nei tuoi progetti. (You will succeed in your projects.)
  3. Lei avrà l’opportunità di viaggiare per il mondo. (She will have the opportunity to travel the world.)
  4. Noi avremo una nuova macchina fra qualche mese. (We will have a new car in a few months.)
  5. Voi avrete la possibilità di scegliere tra diverse opzioni. (You all will have the opportunity to choose from various options.)
  6. Loro avranno bisogno di aiuto per completare il progetto. (They will need help to complete the project.)

Conditional Tense Conjugation

In the conditional tense, used to express actions that would occur under certain conditions, “avere” follows a regular conjugation pattern:

Person Conjugation
Io (I) avrei
Tu (you) avresti
Egli/Ella (he/she) avrebbe
Noi (we) avremmo
Voi (you all) avreste
Essi/Esse (they) avrebbero

Example sentences:

  1. Se avessi più soldi, avrei comprato quella casa. (If I had more money, I would have bought that house.)
  2. Tu avresti potuto viaggiare di più se avessi avuto più tempo. (You could have traveled more if you had had more time.)
  3. Lei avrebbe voluto partecipare all’evento, ma non poteva. (She would have wanted to participate in the event, but she couldn’t.)
  4. Noi avremmo potuto finire il progetto se avessimo avuto più risorse. (We could have completed the project if we had had more resources.)
  5. Voi avreste dovuto avvertirci prima dell’arrivo. (You all should have informed us before your arrival.)
  6. Loro avrebbero voluto essere presenti alla cerimonia, ma non hanno potuto. (They would have liked to be present at the ceremony, but they couldn’t.)

Subjunctive Mood Conjugation

In the subjunctive mood, used to express doubts, wishes, or hypothetical situations, “avere” follows a regular conjugation pattern:

Person Conjugation
Io (I) abbia
Tu (you) abbia
Egli/Ella (he/she) abbia
Noi (we) abbiamo
Voi (you all) abbiate
Essi/Esse (they) abbiano

Example sentences:

  1. È importante che io abbia fiducia in me stesso. (It is important that I have confidence in myself.)
  2. Voglio che tu abbia successo nella tua carriera. (I want you to have success in your career.)
  3. Se fosse vero, sarebbe bello che lui abbia ragione. (If it were true, it would be nice if he were right.)
  4. È necessario che noi abbiamo pazienza in questa situazione. (It is necessary that we have patience in this situation.)
  5. È meglio che voi abbiate tutto il necessario per il viaggio. (It is better that you all have everything you need for the trip.)
  6. Non credo che loro abbiano tutte le informazioni corrette. (I don’t think they have all the correct information.)


Mastering the conjugation of the verb “avere” is crucial for expressing possession, relationships, states of being, and more in Italian. By familiarizing yourself with the conjugation forms and studying example sentences, you will develop a strong foundation for effective communication. Remember to practice regularly to internalize these conjugations and enhance your fluency in Italian. Buona fortuna! (Good luck!)

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