Austria is a beautiful country in Central Europe, known for its stunning landscapes, rich history, and vibrant culture. If you are planning to visit Austria or simply interested in learning the language, mastering the basics of Austrian German will be a great place to start. In this article, we will provide you with an overview of the beginner Austrian basics, including the alphabet, common phrases, and grammar rules.
The Austrian German language uses the Latin alphabet, just like English. However, there are a few letters that are unique to the German language, and you should familiarize yourself with them. Here are the 26 letters of the Austrian German alphabet:
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z.
In addition to these letters, there are four special characters that are also used in the German language: ä, ö, ü, and ß. These characters are known as umlauts and the “ß” is called the “Eszett” or “scharfes S” in German.
Learning some common phrases is a great way to start your journey into Austrian German. Here are a few useful phrases that you can use in everyday conversation:
Guten Morgen! (Goo-ten mohr-gen) - Good morning!
Wie geht es Ihnen? (Vee gate es een-en) - How are you?
Mir geht es gut, danke. (Meer gate es goot, dan-keh) - I’m doing well, thank you.
Wie heißt du? (Vee hyst doo?) - What’s your name?
Ich heiße… (Ich hys-seh) - My name is…
Ich verstehe nicht. (Ich fer-shtay-eh nikht) - I don’t understand.
Entschuldigung (Ent-shool-dih-gung) - Excuse me/sorry
Danke (Dahn-keh) - Thank you
Bitte (Bit-teh) - Please/you’re welcome
Auf Wiedersehen! (Owf vee-der-zay-en) - Goodbye!
These phrases are useful for basic communication in Austrian German. However, keep in mind that the Austrian dialect of German differs slightly from standard German, so you may hear variations of these phrases depending on the region you are in.
German grammar can be complex, but it is important to have a basic understanding of the language’s grammar rules to form sentences correctly. Here are a few basic rules to keep in mind:
Nouns: In German, all nouns have a gender, either masculine, feminine or neuter. There are no set rules for determining the gender of a noun, so you must learn it with the noun itself. Nouns also have different forms for singular and plural.
Verbs: Verbs in German change depending on the tense, mood, and subject. There are six tenses in German (present, perfect, past, pluperfect, future, and future perfect) and three moods (indicative, imperative, and subjunctive).
Adjectives: Adjectives in German also have gender and number agreement with the nouns they modify. The ending of the adjective will change depending on the gender and number of the noun.
Word Order: In German, the word order is subject-verb-object (SVO) for declarative sentences, but it can be different for questions and other types of sentences. The word order can also be changed for emphasis or to create different sentence structures.
As you continue to learn the language, you will become more comfortable withthese grammar rules and learn more complex concepts such as cases, prepositions, and conjunctions.
Expanding your vocabulary is an essential part of learning any language. Here are some useful words and phrases to add to your Austrian German vocabulary:
Familie - Family
Freunde - Friends
Essen - Food
Trinken - Drink
Haus - House
Stadt - City
Land - Country
Geld - Money
Arbeit - Work
Schule - School
Auto - Car
Flugzeug - Airplane
Bahnhof - Train station
Krankenhaus - Hospital
Urlaub - Vacation
Musik - Music
Film - Movie
Buch - Book
These words will be useful in basic conversation and can help you navigate your way around Austria.
There are many resources available to help you learn Austrian German. Here are a few options to consider:
Language Courses: You can take language courses at language schools, universities, or online platforms. These courses typically offer structured lessons and are taught by experienced instructors.
Language Learning Apps: There are many language learning apps available such as Duolingo, Babbel, and Rosetta Stone. These apps offer interactive lessons and quizzes to help you learn at your own pace.
Language Exchange Programs: Language exchange programs allow you to practice speaking with native speakers of the language. Websites such as Tandem and HelloTalk connect language learners around the world.
Books and Media: Reading books and watching TV shows and movies in Austrian German can help you improve your comprehension and vocabulary. You can also listen to Austrian German music or podcasts to practice your listening skills.
Learning Austrian German can be a rewarding experience that will enhance your travel experiences, open up job opportunities, and allow you to communicate with locals. While the language can be challenging, mastering the basics will help you build a strong foundation for future learning. By practicing regularly and using a variety of resources, you can develop your skills and become confident in your ability to speak Austrian German.